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URL: http://www.ox.ac.uk/news/2019-04-12-zoos-and-aquaria-deliver-missing-information-critical-sustaining-biodiversity
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Title: Zoos and aquaria deliver missing information critical to sustaining biodiversity | University of Oxford
Description: In an era of always-on information, it is surprising how little we know about key biological aspects of animal species worldwide. A paper published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) reveals that fundamental pieces of information, such as fertility and survival rates - the building blocks of how populations persist - are missing from global data for more than 98 percent of known species of mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians. 
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Texto: Zoos and aquaria deliver missing information critical to sustaining biodiversity | University of Oxford Skip to main content Home Home Admissions Undergraduate Graduate Continuing education Research Divisions Research impact Libraries Innovation and Partnership Support for researchers Research in conversation Public Engagement with Research News & Events Events Science Blog Arts Blog Oxford and Brexit News releases for journalists Filming in Oxford Find An Expert About Organisation Facts and figures Oxford people Oxford Access International Oxford Building Our Future Jobs 牛津大学 Search News & Events Events Regular events in the University Year Race and the Curriculum Women of Achievement Science Blog Arts Blog Oxford and Brexit Latest University updates University to pay settlement fees for all EU staff EU referendum and Brexit: Analysis News releases for journalists Filming in Oxford Find An Expert Yellow-bellied Marmot standing on hind legs by fallen tree trunk Credit: Shutterstock Published 12 Apr 2019 Share This Tweet Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn Share on Reddit Home News Zoos and aquaria deliver missing information critical to sustaining biodiversity Zoos and aquaria deliver missing information critical to sustaining biodiversity Research In an era of always-on information, it is surprising how little we know about key biological aspects of animal species worldwide. A paper published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences  (PNAS) reveals that fundamental pieces of information, such as fertility and survival rates - the building blocks of how populations persist - are missing from global data for more than 98 percent of known species of mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians.  This is a gap with far-reaching implications, since conservationists fight to save species from extinction. Predicting when species are at risk, and how best to bolster populations, requires knowing when individuals reproduce, how many offsprings survive to adolescence, and how long adults live. A multidisciplinary team led by researchers from the Interdisciplinary Center on Population Dynamics, Oxford, the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, the University of Southern Denmark and Species360 Conservation Science Alliance, with participants from additional 19 institutions, believes we know more than we think. To measure available data, and identify gaps, they developed a Species Knowledge Index  (SKI) that classifies available demographic information for 32,144 tetrapod species. Associate Professor, Rob Salguero-Gomez, at the Department of Zoology of Oxford University, said: ‘What’s has been a truly eye-opening experience in this project has been to realise that we don’t actually have a lot of demographic information in the wild from many animal groups. For instance, from my experience leading the COMADRE Animal Matrix Database , I’ve come to work very closely with mammal and bird demographers, who publish quite frequently on long-term demographic datasets of extremely interesting species like Soay sheep, roe deer, yellow-bellied marmot and blue tits. However, a lot of the demographic efforts in animal natural populations are focused on just a handful of these species. In my group, we are overcoming this by studying ‘anything that moves and that doesn’t’ from albatrosses, to corals and sponges, mistletoes, carnivorous plants, living rocks (Lithops) and flatworms (and occasionally humans too).’ Turning first to go-to global sources of information, the index registers comprehensive birth and death rates for just 1.3 percent of land-vertebrate species. The map of the index shows that there quadrants representing whole orders of species remained largely blank. The “aha” moment came when researchers added a previously untapped source, the Zoological Information Management System (ZIMS), curated by wildlife professionals at nearly 1,200 zoos, aquaria, refuge, research, and education centres in 96 countries. In one fell swoop, ZIMS boosted the Species Knowledge Index eightfold for comprehensive life table data used to assess populations and delivered a 73 percent gain in what we know about the age when individuals begin to reproduce – at least under optimal conditions captivity. Lead researcher and Conservation Science Alliance director Dalia A. Conde, said: ‘Adding ZIMS was like turning on the lights in an otherwise very dim room. Class by class, from mammals through amphibians, saw large blank spaces fill with points representing usable data.’ Zoos and aquaria started member-driven nonprofit Species360 more than 40 years to facilitate sharing husbandry and medical information for animals in their care. Today, nearly 1,200 institutional members of Species360 collaborate to curate and share the world’s largest set of wildlife data. The study, ‘Data gaps and opportunities for comparative and conservation biology’, suggests a value far beyond the data itself. As Conservation Science Alliance and other researchers apply analytics to data aggregated across global sources, including ZIMS, they glean insights that impact outcomes for species in danger of extinction. Moreover, this can provide key insights for comparative and evolutionary biology, such as understanding the evolution of ageing.   Read the full paper: Data gaps and opportunities for comparative and conservation biology  in PNAS. Latest Ancient pigs endured a complete genomic turnover after they arrived in Europe 14 Aug 2019 'The Nemo effect' is untrue: animal movies promote awareness, not harm 14 Aug 2019 Oxford spinout company launched to diagnose Alzheimer’s Disease from MRI scans 9 Aug 2019 Oxford's first postgraduate access programme draws to a close 8 Aug 2019 Smartphone test predicts how symptoms develop in Parkinson’s 7 Aug 2019 All news Share This Tweet Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn Share on Reddit Connect with us iTunes Youtube Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Weibo Instagram Medium The Conversation Information About Oxford University Strategic plan Oxford's research Fees and funding Libraries Museums and collections Open days Oxford glossary Statement on Modern Slavery Data privacy / GDPR Sport at Oxford Conferences at Oxford 牛津大学 Information For Prospective undergraduates Prospective graduate students Prospective Continuing Education students Prospective online/distance learning students Current Oxford students Current Oxford staff Oxford residents/Community Visitors/Tourists Media Alumni Teachers Parliamentarians Businesses/Partnerships Quick Links Contact search Jobs and vacancies Term dates Map Nexus365 email Giving to Oxford Oxford University Images © University of Oxford 2019 Contact us About this site Legal Privacy policy Cookie statement


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